ROMEO & JULIET
Literary adaptation of the opera in original language by William Shakespeare
musical in English language
target audience: high school students
William Shakespeare is the symbol of the Elizabethan theatre, the era in which the modern theatre took shape: he tried all kinds of theatrical genres in vogue and completely transformed them, creating characters that are now impressed in our imagination… Born in Stratford-upon-Avon in 1564 from a rich merchant, Shakespeare certainly received regular education, probably at the Grammar School of Stratford, at least until the financial collapse of the family. At 18, he married Anne Hathaway, and they had three children. The following years, of which there is no certain information, were those of the beginning of his theatrical activity and of the transfer to London, where in 1592 he was already famous. In 1593 he participated in the founding of the company of Lord Chamberlain’s Men. Between 1599 and 1608, now in the mature phase of his production, he composed the so-called tragicomedies (The Merchant of Venice, Measure for Measure, and All’s Well That Ends Well) and his great tragic masterpieces (Romeo and Juliet, Hamlet, Othello, King Lear, Macbeth). In 1603, King James took the company under his direct protection under the name “The King’s Men”. Shakespeare was a major shareholder but, as a result of his success, he was no longer a mere performer. Between 1608 and 1613 there was the last phase of his production, with works full of mystery and melancholy (Cymbeline, The Winter’s Tale and The Tempest). In 1611, already rich, he retired to Stratford and two years later he stopped writing. He died in 1616.
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